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Qal’at al-Bahrain – Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun

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Qal’at al-Bahrain – Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun

CountryBahrain
Date of Inscription2005
CategoryCultural Sites
UNESCOhttp://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1192

Qal’at al-Bahrain is a typical tell – an artificial mound created by many successive layers of human occupation. The strata of the 300 × 600 m tell testify to continuous human presence from about 2300 BC to the 16th century AD. About 25% of the site has been excavated, revealing structures of different types: residential, public, commercial, religious and military. They testify to the importance of the site, a trading port, over the centuries. On the top of the 12 m mound there is the impressive Portuguese fort, which gave the whole site its name, qal’a (fort). The site was the capital of the Dilmun, one of the most important ancient civilizations of the region. It contains the richest remains inventoried of this civilization, which was hitherto only known from written Sumerian references.

© 2011 UNESCO/World Heritage Centre.

World Heritage Sites in Bahrain

Flag of Bahrain Bahrain
Capital: Manama
Currency: Bahraini dinar (BHD)
Language: Arabic, English, Persian (Farsi), Urdu
Time Zone: UTC+3

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