Top > World Heritage > Africa > South Africa

Vredefort Dome

Area
Asia, Middle East, Africa, Europe, North America, Latin America, Oceania
Category
Cultural Sites, Natural Sites, Mixed Sites, Danger Sites
Index
Country, All Lists
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
Media
News, Related Books
Loading...

Vredefort Dome

CountrySouth Africa
Date of Inscription2005
CategoryNatural Sites
UNESCOhttp://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1162

Vredefort Dome, approximately 120 km south-west of Johannesburg, is a representative part of a larger meteorite impact structure, or astrobleme. Dating back 2,023 million years, it is the oldest astrobleme yet found on Earth. With a radius of 190 km, it is also the largest and the most deeply eroded. Vredefort Dome bears witness to the world’s greatest known single energy release event, which had devastating global effects including, according to some scientists, major evolutionary changes. It provides critical evidence of the Earth’s geological history and is crucial to understanding of the evolution of the planet. Despite the importance of impact sites to the planet’s history, geological activity on the Earth’s surface has led to the disappearance of evidence from most of them, and Vredefort is the only example to provide a full geological profile of an astrobleme below the crater floor.

© 2011 UNESCO/World Heritage Centre.

World Heritage Sites in South Africa

Flag of South Africa South Africa
Capital: Pretoria
Currency: Rand (ZAR)
Language: English, Afrikaans, Ndebele, Xhosa, Zulu
Time Zone: UTC+2

| Home | Top | Japanese |

Sitemap | Privacy Policy | Contact Us